By Ian D. Whyte

Professor Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental background provides in one quantity a finished reference paintings overlaying the previous 12,000 years of the Earth's environmental historical past. An creation to the self-discipline is by means of nearly 1,000 entries masking key terminology, occasions, areas, dates, issues, in addition to the most important personalities within the heritage of the self-discipline. Entries variety from shorter real bills to large mini-essays on key subject matters and concerns. totally cross-referenced with an intensive bibliography, this pioneering paintings presents an authoritative but obtainable source that might shape crucial examining for teachers, practitioners and scholars of environmental heritage and comparable disciplines.

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A Dictionary of Environmental History

Professor Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental historical past presents in one quantity a entire reference paintings masking the previous 12,000 years of the Earth's environmental historical past. An creation to the self-discipline is by means of nearly 1,000 entries overlaying key terminology, occasions, locations, dates, themes, in addition to the main personalities within the background of the self-discipline.

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On current trends the Arctic could be totally free of ice in summer by the end of the C21. ard See light plough. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty Covering 6% of England and Wales: designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 as a second tier of protected areas. Smaller, less highly valued and sometimes less accessible than national parks. arroyo Systems of gullies in SW USA cut into fertile valley-floor deposits. Widely believed to have been the result of human activity; a range of processes have been blamed, including logging, overgrazing and soil compaction.

This fell to under 300,000 by 1996 but has been increasing again since then (Crouch & Ward 1997). Alternatively ‘allotment’ refers to areas of land allotted to proprietors in C18–C19 parliamentary enclosure awards in lieu of extinguished common rights. g. where a tributary on a steep valley side reaches the valley floor. Alluvial fans may be attractive to cultivation and settlement on account of their fertility, if not too stony, but are potentially vulnerable to flash floods. alluviation The deposition of alluvium in river valleys and flood plains.

Woodlands created since AD1600 are ‘recent’. Some species, such as small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata), are confined to ancient woodlands and a few hedges and are valuable as indicator species (Anderson 1990, Rackham 1986, 2006). Andes Mountain chain 7,000 km long in S America. 4000BC, if not earlier, the domestication of the potato and other plants allowed a sedentary lifestyle, with the creation of terrace cultivation and irrigation 32 Andes | Annales School systems and significant alteration to the landscape.

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