By Jonathan R. Barton

ISBN-10: 0203292316

ISBN-13: 9780203292310

The realms and peoples of South and important the USA, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that jointly shape the political countryside of Latin the US, surround quite a lot of societies, politics and economies. this article exposes the diversities among areas, areas and nations, members and societies, supplying a useful perception into the subjects of political and monetary improvement, and offers a advisor to knowing energy and area kin. From the Antarctic to the tropical jungles, the coastal groups to the highland villages, the mega-cities to remoted rural lifestyles, the political geographies of lives, localities, towns and rurality are too subtle to be subjected to generalizations. Adopting a serious human geography standpoint, Jonathon Barton offers an figuring out of similarities, distinction and complicated human geographies.

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It is in reaction to this background that democratic forms of political geography need to be forthcoming. This is especially appropriate within the Latin American context due to the historical predominance of authoritarianism and non-representative interest groups. A movement within political geography and geopolitical analysis, away from traditional state-centricity towards an understanding of dialectical relationships between power and space, confronts the criticism that political geography offers little more than analysis of a particular organisational form, the state (Raffestin, 1980).

39 FROM PRE-COLUMBIAN TO POST-COLD WAR acknowledgement of the Amerindian presence within the continent. These maps reflect the ethnocentricity that served to legitimate the brutal acts carried out during the conquest and later colonial period. Eurocentrism and the ideologies of the Renaissance were at the heart of the philosophy behind ‘discovery’ and the ‘civilising mission’. In the late fifteenth century a Jesuit priest, Father Ricci, altered the European cartographic map of the world to place the Pacific at its centre.

Traditional structures: Europe was the model for the modern, Latin America for the traditional. The importance of development models in shaping thought and practice in and about Latin America suggests that political geography has to make links with theories of development. Ongoing debates about paths of development, especially alternatives to predominant models, are critically significant in terms of changes in Latin American political geographies (Brown, 1996). It was from within Latin America that opposition to this Anglo-European model of development emerged (see Kay, 1989; Hettne, 1995).

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