By L. Magnani

ISBN-10: 0306465140

ISBN-13: 9780306465147

This publication ties jointly the worries of philosophers of technological know-how and AI researchers, exhibiting for instance the connections among clinical pondering and medical examiner platforms. It lays out an invaluable common framework for dialogue of quite a few different types of abduction. It develops vital principles approximately facets of abductive reasoning which have been rather overlooked in cognitive technology, together with using visible and temporal representations and the function of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.

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Further results on the interaction and/or integration of abduction and induction in AI complex theory development tasks are given in Michalski (1993) - in terms of coexistence; Dimopoulos and Kakas (1996), and Ourston and Mooney (1994) - in terms of cooperation; O'Rorke, P. (1994), Thompson and Mooney (1994), and Kakas and Riguzzi (1997) - on the role of inducing and learning in abductive theories. 38 Abduction, Reason, and Science Another interpretation of the distinction between abduction and induction is given by Josephson (2000a).

We have to say that recently very many philosophers and others have accepted that perceptual knowledge is both non inferential and instantaneous (although the latter may be debatable) (Akins, 1996). Theoretical Abduction 45 All sensations or perceptions participate in the nature of a unifying hypothesis, that is, in abduction, in the case of emotions too: Thus the various sounds made by the instruments of the orchestra strike upon the ear, and the result is a peculiar musical emotion, quite distinct from the sounds themselves.

Adding new kind-relations occurs when it is added a new superordinate kind that combines two or more things previously taken to be distinct. In the nineteenth century scientists recognized that electricity and magnetism were the same and constructed the new concept of electromagnetism. Another case is shown by differentiation, that is the making of a new distinction that generates two kinds of things (heat and temperature were considered the same until the Black's intervention). Theoretical Abduction 41 The last three types of conceptual change can be illustrated by the following examples.

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