By Tadeusz Marek, Waldemar Karwowski, Valerie Rice
Combining rising innovations, theories, and functions of human elements wisdom, this quantity makes a speciality of discovery and realizing of human functionality concerns in complicated platforms, together with fresh advances in neural foundation of human habit at paintings (i.e. neuroergonomics), education, and common layout. The booklet is geared up into ten sections that concentrate on the next topics:
I: Neuroergonomics: Workload evaluation
II: types and dimension in Neuroergonomics
III: Neuroergonomics and Human functionality
IV: Neuroergonomics and coaching concerns
V: Trainees: Designing for these in education
VI: army Human elements: Designing for these within the defense force
VII: New Programs/New locations: Designing for these unexpected with Human components
VIII: common layout: Designing to incorporate every body
IX: Designing for individuals with Disabilities
X: youngsters and aged: Designing for these of other a while
Sections I via IV of this ebook concentrate on neuroscience of human functionality in complicated structures, with emphasis at the evaluate and modeling of cognitive workload, fatigue, and coaching effectiveness. Sections V via X be aware of employing human components to important populations, with the caveat that the layout details would possibly not generalize to (or be of curiosity to) different populations. This broadens the normal definition which limits unique populations to people who have boundaries of their practical skills, i.e. people with continual disabilities as a result of disorder, damage, or getting older. hence, specified populations can include convinced investigations and designs fascinated with army, scholars, or maybe constructing nations and people naïve to the sector of human components, in addition to people who find themselves suffering from disabilities and getting older (both younger and old).
Many chapters of this booklet specialize in research, layout, and review of demanding situations affecting scholars, trainees, individuals of the army, people with disabilities, and common layout. ordinarily, the chapters are geared up to maneuver from a extra basic, to a extra really expert program. for instance, the subtopics for people with disabilities contain designing web content, workstations, housing, entrepreneur education, verbal exchange suggestions, items, environments, public transportation platforms, and communities.
This ebook is of precise price to a wide number of execs, researchers and scholars within the large box of human functionality who're drawn to neuroergonomics, education effectiveness, and common layout and operation of goods and procedures, in addition to administration of labor platforms in modern society. we are hoping this booklet is informative, yet much more - that it really is proposal upsetting. we are hoping it evokes, best the reader to think about different questions, functions, and power recommendations in growing designs that enhance functionality, potency, and ease-of-use for all.
Seven different titles within the Advances in Human elements and Ergonomics sequence are:
Advances in Human elements and Ergonomics in Healthcare
Advances in utilized electronic Human Modeling
Advances in Cross-Cultural choice Making
Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics
Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics
Advances in Human elements, Ergonomics and protection in production and repair Industries
Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability overview
Read Online or Download Advances in Understanding Human Performance: Neuroergonomics, Human Factors Design, and Special Populations PDF
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Additional info for Advances in Understanding Human Performance: Neuroergonomics, Human Factors Design, and Special Populations
Examination of pre stimulus alpha, which is spectral activity in the alpha 34 bandwidth occurring immediately prior to the onset of a stimulus, is one such approach. Examination of prestimulus alpha shows promise as a means of predicting when alertness may have temporarily decreased to a point where errors are more probable (Ergenoglu et aI. , 2004; Mazaheri et aI. , 2009) . For example, using magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings, Mazaheri and colleagues (2009) demonstrated that elevated occipital alpha activity prior to the onset of a visual stimulus predicted whether or not participants would make an error in an upcoming trial.
2004). Next Generation Air TranspOltation System Integrated Plan. , & Miyake, A. (2003). Neuroindices of cognitive workload: neuroimaging, pupillometric and event-related potential studies of brain work. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 4, 1 (2), 56-88. Kahneman, D. ( J 973). Allention and effort. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Logothetis, N. K, & Wandell, B. A. (2004). Interpreting the BOLD signal. A nnu Rev Physiol, 66, 73 5-769. Owen, A. M . , McMillan, K M . , Laird, A. , & Bullmore, E .
1 993) . Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults. Neurosci Lett, 1 54(1 -2), 1 0 1 - 104. Willems, B . , Hah, S . , & Phillips, R. (2006) . The effect of data link on en route controller workload NJTC Aviation Technologies - "Looking Toward Tomorrow ". Atlantic City International Airport, NJ: FAA William 1. Hughes Technical Center. 32 C HAPTER 4 Prestimulus Alp ha as a Precursor to Errors in a UAV Target Orientation Detection Task Carryl Baldwin', Joseph T Coyne2 , Daniel M Roberts ] , Jane H Barrow', A nna Cole3, Ciara Sible/, Brian Taylor] and George Buzzell' 1 George Mason University D epartment of Psychology Fairfax, VA 22030 2 3 Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC 2 0 3 7 5 S trategic Analysis Incorporated Arlington, VA 22203 ABSTRACT Unmanned Aerial Vehieles (DAVs) have become an important component of military aviation operations and skilled UAV operators are a valuable part of this component.