ISBN-10: 0191502030

ISBN-13: 9780191502033

A few of the present debates approximately validity in psychiatry and psychology are predicated at the unforeseen failure to validate standard diagnostic different types. the popularity of this failure has ended in, what Thomas Kuhn calls, a interval of amazing technology during which validation difficulties are given elevated weight, choices are proposed, methodologies are debated, and philosophical and historic analyses are noticeable as extra suitable than ordinary.

In this significant new publication within the IPPP sequence, a bunch of prime thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy supply substitute views that deal with either the clinical and scientific elements of psychiatric validation, emphasizing all through their philosophical and old issues.

This is a e-book that every one psychiatrists, in addition to philosophers with an curiosity in psychiatry, will locate notion frightening and worthwhile.

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Extra resources for Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Calidation: DSM, IDC, RDoC, and Beyond (International Perspectives in Philosophy and Psychiatry)

Sample text

1 What is EBM? There was general agreement among EBM developers about how to define EBM. Most respondents described EBM as a link between research knowledge and clinical practice. According to this framing, the terms ‘knowledge’ and ‘evidence’ refer to the same thing. It is part of evidence-based practice to be able to tell the difference between strong and weak evidence for whatever intervention is being considered in a given clinical situation. Group 1 participants believed that three common but erroneous perceptions exist about EBM: 1) that only RCT data count as evidence; 2) that all clinical decisions require RCT data to support them; and 3) that clinicians cannot responsibly offer interventions that had not been researched by RCTs.

Systems are considered to be the ideal but not yet available. This category refers to computerized decision support systems, which are computer programs that summarize the research data about the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of a clinical problem, and ideally link to patients’ electronic medical records, prompting the clinician about data relevant to that patient’s clinical care. Properly designed, these programs should be automatically updated when new data regarding problems are available.

1 Are the Results Valid? To determine a study’s validity is to assess its ‘closeness to the truth’ (Straus et al. 2011: 3). In order to make this determination, the reader must assess a study’s design. According to both texts, certain designs are associated, inherently, with greater validity because they minimize bias.  . systematic deviation from the underlying truth because of a feature of the design or conduct of a research study’ (Guyatt et al. 2008: 771). While there are specific criteria for validity that apply to different types of studies depending on whether the study evaluates a treatment, a diagnostic test, prognosis of a condition, or harm caused, Evidence-based medicine’s authors offer a general strategy for thinking about the considerations of validity applicable to any type of study.

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