By Gregory Elliott
Louis Althusser was once most likely essentially the most advanced - and the main debatable - of the "maitres de penser" to emerge from the turbulent Parisian highbrow scene of the Nineteen Sixties. in the course of a protracted occupation, Althusser accomplished extensive popularity, notoriety and, eventually, effacement. but his paintings is still a huge point in modern philosophy and cultural critique. This quantity, timed to coincide with the English-language booklet of Althusser's autobiography, "The destiny Lasts a protracted Time", assesses the significance and effect of "Althusserianism", either when it comes to, and past, the controversies of his political profession and the occasions of his own biography. one of many relevant goals of the e-book is to situate Althusser and his texts in the wider histories and cultures to which they belong, drawing on members from a variety of backgrounds and geographical destinations. hence E.J. Hobsbawm contextualizes Althusser's Marxism; Pierre Villar assesses Althusserian historiography; Paul Ricoeur probes Althusser's conception of ideology; Axel Honneth articulates his relation to the important rival colleges of Marxism within the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies; Peter Dews examines his kinfolk to the structuralist college; David Macey casts a sceptical eye over his alliance with Lacan; Francis Mulhern explores the variety of Anglophone "Althusserianism"; and Gregory Elliott responds to Althusser's research of his personal case heritage. The e-book concludes with a bibliography of Althusser's research of his personal case heritage.
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Additional resources for Althusser: A Critical Reader (Blackwell Critical Readers)
33 Eliot herself did not appear to have a problem paying out part of her proﬁts of production, writing in 1852: ‘So the budget is come out – and I am to pay Income Tax. 36 In this important distinction, Mill’s Principles marked a signiﬁcant advance both on Smith’s ‘invisible hand’ and Ricardo’s uniﬁed theory of production and distribution. His theory ﬁnds an imaginative parallel in Eliot’s novelistic explorations of the co-existence of classical economic principles and altruism. Sir James Chettam allows his largely practical and economically driven land improvements to take a more altruistic colouring under Dorothea’s enthusiasm to assist him.
20 The Mill on the Floss, as later analysis will show, explores ﬁnancial and wider notions of risk at a temporal inﬂection point, as a wider acceptance of debt and institutional credit was starting to gain traction. Eliot’s critical observation of the sympathetic limitations of the aﬄuent Dodson sisters is checked by a recognition of the probity of their ‘old fashioned’ and ‘narrow notions about debt’. 21 The passage is a reminder that, whatever the supposed sophistication of credit arrangements, debt is not an abstract concept that relates only to states, banks or the corporate world, but is a threat to the ‘personal integrity and honour’ of every individual who takes it on.
40 Eliot was undoubtedly aware of the aims and progress of the Owenite movement, although her caustic assessment of its founder and leading light as early as 1843 indicates that she was little swayed by its ideology: ‘I saw Robert Owen yesterday . . ’41 More direct ideological criticism is found in her important review essay ‘The Natural History of German Life’ (1856), in which she observes the essential self-interest with which the peasants greet plans for the communal partition of the land. 42 This work’s ﬁnal chapter will return to Eliot’s thoughts in the ﬁnal years of her life concerning the role and limitation of the state in the economy, including private ownership rights to land and property.