By John Sheail

ISBN-10: 0333949803

ISBN-13: 9780333949801

Environmental background has grown apace given that 1970. The ebook breaks new floor in illustrating how probably the most urgent matters got here to be well-known, and a reaction made. Policymaking is reviewed in the wider context of a growing to be understanding at the a part of executive and enterprise of the position of environmental concerns in wealth construction and social well being.

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Extra resources for An Environmental History of Twentieth-Century Britain

Sample text

Dissension occurred when the Royal Commission turned to defining the executive powers and status of the new central authority. Besides appointing a new central authority with research, advisory and publicity functions, the majority of members believed it should have executive powers to regulate additional industrial building in London and the Home Counties. Three of these members pressed for such positive inducements for locating industries outside the London area. In a Minority Report, a further three members (who included Patrick Abercrombie) claimed the need for executive action on a national scale was so urgent that the new central authority should be invested with the executive powers of a ministry.

The sweeping powers conferred by the Act provided invaluable experience for ministers and officials in drafting the Town and Country Planning Bill of 1947, that was intended comprehensively to set the scene for postwar planning. In his ‘official’ Peacetime History of reconstruction and land-use planning between 1939 and 1947, Cullingworth (1975, pp. xi–xv) illustrated the value of looking not only at the minister’s speeches, and the parliamentary debates over individual pieces of legislation, but at the discussions in Cabinet Committees and, perhaps more particularly, to the memoranda and minutes of meetings held at both a departmental and inter-departmental level.

As Lord Mersey observed, ‘the principle that affects the minds of the Committee is that a man should not be compelled to go and live in a better class of house than he wants if his own house is a reasonable one’. The Bill had encountered formidable opposition from the Beachowners’ Association. Its legal counsel described the Bill as both arrogant and unnecessary. Not only were owners keen to rebuild, but local planning authorities already had the powers to impose conditions as to density, layout, size and design.

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